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GUIDELINES This site allows non-lexicographers to aid the specialists in elaborating the history of English words and names.

Non-lexicographers provide the raw data and why the example may be relevant: words with links to the AALT with the apparent relevant entry in the OED [www.oed.com], along with as much more information as they are willing to give. The necessary elements are WORD, DATE, QUOTATION, OED entry referenced and relation to that entry, DOCUMENT link, county margination, and series. You may include also the Middle English form or Anglo-Norman form if you want. This entry is just raw data and NOT a statement that the word is properly identified.

TEMPLATE (In edit mode, copy and paste the template; delete elements not included, write over necessary elements):

Bugle (OED bugle, MED bugle, AND bugle): 1318. KB27. Surrey. tria cornua, que vocantur bugles. Early use by OED, could be French. [1]

Lexicographers and similar specialists may assess the raw data using the format of bullet points beneath the raw data entry. The raw data may be added to or edited, but not completely removed. Raw data that was misidentified should remain to assist others who want to enter data. The lexicographical assessment bullets should confirm the identification or supply a different identification and indicate whether the word is too common (“No more needed”), only earlier examples are desirable (“Only earlier needed”) or any further examples are desirable (“More needed”). If the material is carried over to a dictionary, that should likewise be indicated. Disagreement with the assessment can be indicated in a second bullet etc.


  • Proper identification. More needed.

You are encouraged to provide more information from the Middle English Dictionary [2], the Anglo-Norman Dictionary [www.anglo-norman.net], P.H. Reaney and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames ed. 3 (1991), G. Fransson, Middle English Surnames of Occupation 1100-1350 (1935), or B. Thuresson, Middle English Occupational Terms (1950).


Garlekmongere: 1315. Warwickshire. Henry le Garlekmongere of Northampton [3] SB; 1343. Northamptonshire. Adam Garlekmongere de Norhampton. OED has only 1392. [4] rcp 11/12

Gelder: 1361. Suffolk. Thomas filius Willelmi le Geldere. OED has earliest 1440. [5] rcp 03/13

Geldesowe: 1360. Northamptonshire. Johannem Wrighte geldesowe. OED has "gelder" earliest in 1440. [6]

Gerenteresman: 1319. Edmundum le Gerenteresman. ? [7]

Gesthalle: 1342. Worcestershire. ab hostio cuiusdam aule in eodem prioratu vocate le Geshalle. OED has earliest 1325. [8] rcp 12/12

Giddyman: 1319. Johannem Gydyman. OED has giddy much earlier. [9]

Girdeler: 1319. Gilbert le Girdeler. OED earliest is 1428. [10]; 1347. Thomam le Gerdeler. [11] rcp

Gisarm: 1345. Bedfordshire. de quodam telo vocato gisarm. OED has earlier in 1325 only. [12] rcp 03/12

Glaswryght: 1319. Henricum le Glaswryght. OED earliest usage is 1440. [13]. 1344. Yorkshire. Johannem de Fernays glasenwryght. [14] rcp 03/12

Glovemaker: 1359. cum Thomas Wolleford glovemaker. OED has earliest 1609. [15] rcp 03/13

Glover: 115. Norhampton. Ralph le Glovere [16] SB; 1319. Phillipum le Glovere. OED earliest usage is 1464. [17]. 1345. Norfolk. Matillidem que fuit uxor Roberti de Elsynge glovere. [18] rcp 03/12

Gobelyn: 1319. Willelmum Gobelyn clericum. Hampshire. OED earliest is 1327. [19]

Gobelettis: 1463. Middlesex. sex ciphis de argento vocatis gobelettis. OED has two earlier, indeterminate usages from ca. 1400. [20] rcp 02/12

Godchild. 1267. Norfolk. Clemence Godchild.[21]

Goldbetere: 1332. Yorkshire. John le Goldbetere of York [22] [23] SB; 1342. Oxfordshire. Henricum Godesdene goldbetere. [24]. 1344. Middlesex. Galfridi le Goldbetere. OED has earliest in fifteenth century. [25] rcp 03/12

Gosefot:. 1260. Buckinghamshire. Simon Gosefot. [26]

Goselyng: 1345. London. Johannem Goselyng. OED had earliest 1425. [27] rcp 03/12

Gourdemaker: 1320. London. Rogerus le Gourdemaker. "Gourdemaker" apparently does not appear in OED. "Gourd" in the general sense of a cup or bottle appears earliest 1340. [28]. 1348. Yorkshire. Martinus Gourdemaker. [29]

Graunger: 1342. Hampshire. Johannem le Graunger. OED has only earlier in 1112, then 1582. [30] rcp 11/12

Graver: 1360. London. Andreas le Sealgravere goldsmyth. OED has gravere in this sense earliest in 1398. [31] 03/13

Gravenour: 1530. Norfolk. versus Ricardum Spendlove nuper de Norwic' gravenour. Not in OED. [32] rcp

Greyn: 1346. Norfolk. mercimonia, videlicet, greyn, spiceriam, pelluram et alia bona. OED has only earlier example in 1315. [33] rcp

Grinder (OED grinder): 1319. KB27. Warwickshire. Thomam le Grindere de Loudesham OED has earliest, in this sense, in 1483. [34]

Gullhurde: 1342. Hampshire. Thomam le Gulhurde de Swareweton. [35] rcp

Gunpowder: 1369. Middlesex. Delivered by John Nicoll of London, grocer, for the use of the king [36] . See als [37] SJ

Gyldfatt 1530. Norfolk. unam aliam cupam vocatam a gyldfatt. Not in OED. [38] rcp 21/12