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GUIDELINES This site allows non-lexicographers to aid the specialists in elaborating the history of English words and names.

Non-lexicographers provide the raw data and why the example may be relevant: words with links to the AALT with the apparent relevant entry in the OED [www.oed.com], along with as much more information as they are willing to give. The necessary elements are WORD, DATE, QUOTATION, OED entry referenced and relation to that entry, DOCUMENT link, county margination, and series. You may include also the Middle English form or Anglo-Norman form if you want. This entry is just raw data and NOT a statement that the word is properly identified.

TEMPLATE (In edit mode, copy and paste the template; delete elements not included, write over necessary elements):

Bugle (OED bugle, MED bugle, AND bugle): 1318. KB27. Surrey. tria cornua, que vocantur bugles. Early use by OED, could be French. [1]

Lexicographers and similar specialists may assess the raw data using the format of bullet points beneath the raw data entry. The raw data may be added to or edited, but not completely removed. Raw data that was misidentified should remain to assist others who want to enter data. The lexicographical assessment bullets should confirm the identification or supply a different identification and indicate whether the word is too common (“No more needed”), only earlier examples are desirable (“Only earlier needed”) or any further examples are desirable (“More needed”). If the material is carried over to a dictionary, that should likewise be indicated. Disagreement with the assessment can be indicated in a second bullet etc.


  • Proper identification. More needed.

You are encouraged to provide more information from the Middle English Dictionary [2], the Anglo-Norman Dictionary [www.anglo-norman.net], P.H. Reaney and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames ed. 3 (1991), G. Fransson, Middle English Surnames of Occupation 1100-1350 (1935), or B. Thuresson, Middle English Occupational Terms (1950).


Daggare: 1362. London. cum quodam cultello vocato daggare. OED has earliest 1375. [3] rcp 04/13

Daubere: 1363. London. Thomas Freman daubere. Perhaps earliest English instance. [4] rcp 04/13

Dauncer: 1342. London. Johannes le Dauncer. OED has earliest 1440. [5] rcp 11/12

Dendyman: 1342. Devon. Aliciam Dendyman et Ceciliam Dendyman. [6] rcp

Deystere: 1344. Warwickshire. Willelmus de Bedeford deystere. [7]. 1347. Thomam le Deystere. OED has earliest in 1350. [8] rcp 03/12

Dextere: 1314. Warrwick. Agnes wife of Alstein le Dextere of Warwick [9] SJ; 1345. Suffolk. Walterum de Beccles dextere. OED has earliest fifteenth century. [10] rcp 03/12

Diamans: 1361. London. bonis et catallis ... viz., butons, aumails, nouches, margerie perles, rubies, saffiers, diamans et alia jocalia. OED has only earlier 1325. [11] rcp 03/13

Dighere: 1344. Sussex. cum Stephano le Dighere de Midhurst. OED has earliest 1369. [12] rcp 03/12

Dolfin: 1319. Willelmum Dolfin. OED earliest use is 1387. [13] rcp 2011

Dosser: 1346. Norfolk. uno dosser precii quadraginta solidorum (stolen from the rector of Nelton). OED has earliest 1380. [14] rcp 2011

Drovere: 1344. Berkshire. Johannem Drovere. OED earliest is 1425. [15]; 1360. Johannem Stalworth drovere [16] rcp 2011

Dubber: 1348. Yorkshire. Johanne Wryght dubber. OED earliest use if 1225-6. [17]. rcp 2011

Durable: 1358. Hertfordshire. Willelmum Durable. OED has earliest 1381. [18] rcp 11/12

Dyster: 1342. Northamptonshire. Johannem Hynewyke dyster. OED has earliest 1350. [19] rcp 11/12