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GUIDELINES This site allows non-lexicographers to aid the specialists in elaborating the history of English words and names.

Non-lexicographers provide the raw data and why the example may be relevant: words with links to the AALT with the apparent relevant entry in the OED [www.oed.com], along with as much more information as they are willing to give. The necessary elements are WORD, DATE, QUOTATION, OED entry referenced and relation to that entry, DOCUMENT link, county margination, and series. You may include also the Middle English form or Anglo-Norman form if you want. This entry is just raw data and NOT a statement that the word is properly identified.

TEMPLATE (In edit mode, copy and paste the template; delete elements not included, write over necessary elements):

Bugle (OED bugle, MED bugle, AND bugle): 1318. KB27. Surrey. tria cornua, que vocantur bugles. Early use by OED, could be French. [1]

Lexicographers and similar specialists may assess the raw data using the format of bullet points beneath the raw data entry. The raw data may be added to or edited, but not completely removed. Raw data that was misidentified should remain to assist others who want to enter data. The lexicographical assessment bullets should confirm the identification or supply a different identification and indicate whether the word is too common (“No more needed”), only earlier examples are desirable (“Only earlier needed”) or any further examples are desirable (“More needed”). If the material is carried over to a dictionary, that should likewise be indicated. Disagreement with the assessment can be indicated in a second bullet etc.


  • Proper identification. More needed.

You are encouraged to provide more information from the Middle English Dictionary [2], the Anglo-Norman Dictionary [www.anglo-norman.net], P.H. Reaney and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames ed. 3 (1991), G. Fransson, Middle English Surnames of Occupation 1100-1350 (1935), or B. Thuresson, Middle English Occupational Terms (1950).


Cat: 1308. Norfolk. Henry le Cat [3] SJ

Campyng: 1346. Norfolk. cum ... ludissent in vila de Middelton ad quendam ludum vocatum campyng, contencio mota fuit inter predictum Johannem Broun et prefatum Willelmum Aylmer ita quod predictus Johannes Broun de baculo suo percussit predictum Willelmum in sinistra parte capitis quod cecidit a terram. OED has earliest in 1481. [4] rcp 03/12

Cardemakere: 1343. Warwickshire. Walterus le Cardemakere. [5]. 1357. London. Johanni de Caunterbury de London cardemakere. OED has earliest 1401. [6] rcp 11/12

Catchehare: 1319. Michaelem Catchehare. OED has few combination forms of catch before 1600. [7]

Cardemaker 1345. Warwickshire. Walteri le Cardemakere de Coventre. [8]. 1357. Nicholas Cardemaker. OED has card-maker in 1401 [9]

Cardebordmaker 1357. Ely Cardebordmaker. OED has earliest use of card-board in 1688 [10]

Cartewright 1342. Warwickshire. Johannem le Cartewrighte. [11] 1345. Staffordshire. Johannis le Cartewright. OED has earliest 1425. [12] rcp 03/12

Chaloner: 1314. Norfolk. Simon le Chaloner de Feltewell [13] SJ; 1345. Thomam le Chaloner. OED has earliest 1372. [14] rcp 03/12

Chareter: 1314. Northampton. William son of Walter le Charetter [15] SJ; 1315 Worcester. Alice wife of John le Charetter [16] SB; OED has earliest usage 1610.

Chaundelere: 1320. Buckinghamshire. Cristina la Chuandelere. OED earliest usage is 1389, but here probably Anglo-Norman. [17]. 1343. Suffolk. Willelmus de Denyngton de Sancto Edmundo chaundeler. [18] rcp 11/12

Chese fatte:1530. Norfolk. duas formulas vocatas chese fattes. Not in OED. [19] rcp 02/12

Cheseman: 1344. Middlesex. Johannem le Cheseman. Not in OED. [20] rcp 03/12

Chesemonger: 1308. Kent. Walter le Chesmonger [21] SJ

Chese prees: 1530. Norfolk. a chese prees. OED earliest 1485. [22] rcp 02/12

Cherakke: 1530. duos crates vocatas cherakkes. gridiron. Not in OED. [23] rcp 02/12

Chese and Brede: 1353. Lincolnshire. William Chese and Brede. [24]

Chepyns: 1347. Dorset. duos panes qui vocantur chepyns pro se ad prandium suum. OED does not have in this sense. [25] rcp 02/12

Chimyne: 1343. Lincolnshire. quadam camera vocata la chymynechaumbre. [26] rcp 11/12

Clathseller: 1344. Yorkshire. Agnes Cokerell clathseller. Not in OED. [27] rcp 03/12

Clyngkebell: 1344. Suffolk. Willelmum Clyngkebell. OED has "clink" only from the sixteenth century. [28] rcp 03/12

Clothmangere: 1351. Berkshire. Ricardus Clothmangere. OED does not have. [29] rcp 04/12

Cobler: 1361. London. Robert Aleyn cobler. OED has only 1362. [30] rcp 03/13

Coffemaker: 1362. Yorkshire. Johannem Stepes coffemakere. OED does not have the compound; has "coffe" earliest in 1362. [31] rcp 04/13

Cokkesbreyn: 1267. Surrey. William Cokkesbreyn of Bletchingley. [32] rcp

Cogam: 1320. Devon. Duas naves, unam videlicet vocatam Cogam Sancte Marie Wilifare de Dertemuch. OED has English form from 1325 and lists possible relatives from other languages but not Latin. [33]

Cogger: 1345. Yorkshire. Sayerum le Cogger de Herwich. [34] rcp 03/12

Collier: 1323 Northampton. John Heyne, colier [35] SJ; 1344 Suffolk. Cristinam la Collier. OED has earliest 1375. [36] rcp

Comandour: 1345. Berkshire. Galfridus Comandour. OED has earliest 1386. [37] rcp

Combe: 1342. Dorset. Ricardum in the Combe. OED has in 770, 647, then not until 1578. [38] rcp 11/12

Comber: 1346. Hampshire. Walterum le Combere. OED has earliest 1642. [39] rcp 04/12

Conduyt: 1342. Cambridgeshire. Willelmum atte Conduyt. OED has earliest 1340. [40] rcp 11/12

Coolestaff: 1530. Middlesex. cum quodam baculo vocato a coolestaff precii duorum denariorum. Not in OED.[41] rcp 02/12

Copped: 1360. Leicestershire. Johannem of the Coppedhouse. OED in this sense has earliest in 1460. [42] rcp

Cornmonger: 1314. London. Thomas de Vernun/Vernim (?), cornmanger [43] SJ; 1345. Sussex. Simonem Cornemonger. [44], 1347. Lincolnshire. Thomam Hemery de Sancto Botulfo cornmongere. OED has earliest 1518. [45] rcp 03/12

Correour: 1345. Northamptonshire. Thomas le Correour de Northampton. OED has earliest 1380. [46] rcp 03/12

Corvyser: 1345. Worcestershire. per Galfridum Corvyser. OED has earliest 1401. [47]; rcp 03/12; Shropshire. 1361. Roger Hooke de Mounselowe covyser. [48] rcp 03/13

Cote armure: 1347. Hertfordshire. de quadam tunica vocata cote armure de armis suis propriis. OED has earliest 1393. [49], [50] rcp 03/12

Cotiller: 1345. Berkshire. Ricardum Baldewyn de London cotiller. OED only has in nineteenth century, apparently with different meaning. Same as cutiller below? [51] rcp 03/12

Courserhorsman: 1345. Norfolk. Johannem Courserhorsman. OED has "courser" earliest in 1380. [52] rcp 03/12

Coverlyt: 1346. Suffolk. unum coverlyte, unam ollam eneam. OED has earliest 1381. [53] rcp

Crampytt: 1590. uno instrumento ferreo anglice a crampytt ad valenciam quinque solidorum. Seems not to be in OED in this sense. [54] rcp 04/12

Crapper: 1345. Yorkshire. Ricardo le Crapper. OED does not have; meaning obviously unclear. [55] rcp 03/12

Cribelster: 1343. Staffordshire. Ricardum le Cribelster. OED does not have, but has later cribble as verb. [56] rcp 11/12

Criour: 1343. Lincolnshire. Radulfus de Notyngham criour de comitatu Nottingham. OED has earliest 1387. [57] rcp

Croucher: 1342. Sussex. Robertum le Croucher. OED has earliest 1587. [58] rcp 11/12

Cullere: 1345. Somerset. Galfridum le Baillif cullere. OED has earliest 1483. [59] rcp 03/12

Curreour: 1360. Leicestershire. Robert Petlyng de Leycestre curreour. OED has earliest 1382. [60] rcp 03/13

Cutiller: 1319. Henricum le Cutiller, Johannem le Cutiller. French? but even then early for OED. [61]

Cytezeyn: 1330. Henry le Rede de London, cytezeyn [62], Walter Neel de London, citezein [63] SB; 1332. Godefridus de Notingham de London, cytezeyn [64] SB