From Waalt

GUIDELINES This site allows non-lexicographers to aid the specialists in elaborating the history of English words and names.

Non-lexicographers provide the raw data and why the example may be relevant: words with links to the AALT with the apparent relevant entry in the OED [www.oed.com], along with as much more information as they are willing to give. The necessary elements are WORD, DATE, QUOTATION, OED entry referenced and relation to that entry, DOCUMENT link, county margination, and series. You may include also the Middle English form or Anglo-Norman form if you want. This entry is just raw data and NOT a statement that the word is properly identified.

TEMPLATE (In edit mode, copy and paste the template; delete elements not included, write over necessary elements):

Bugle (OED bugle, MED bugle, AND bugle): 1318. KB27. Surrey. tria cornua, que vocantur bugles. Early use by OED, could be French. [1]

Lexicographers and similar specialists may assess the raw data using the format of bullet points beneath the raw data entry. The raw data may be added to or edited, but not completely removed. Raw data that was misidentified should remain to assist others who want to enter data. The lexicographical assessment bullets should confirm the identification or supply a different identification and indicate whether the word is too common (“No more needed”), only earlier examples are desirable (“Only earlier needed”) or any further examples are desirable (“More needed”). If the material is carried over to a dictionary, that should likewise be indicated. Disagreement with the assessment can be indicated in a second bullet etc.


  • Proper identification. More needed.

You are encouraged to provide more information from the Middle English Dictionary [2], the Anglo-Norman Dictionary [www.anglo-norman.net], P.H. Reaney and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames ed. 3 (1991), G. Fransson, Middle English Surnames of Occupation 1100-1350 (1935), or B. Thuresson, Middle English Occupational Terms (1950).


Wadmolle: 1590. London. panni vocati grene wadmolle. OED does not seem to have. [3] rcp 04/12

Wagspere: 1345. Lincolnshire. Margareta Wagspere. OED finds "wag" earlier only in 1225. [4] rcp 03/12

Wallere: 1342. Warwickshire. Willelmum le Wallere. OED has earliest 1440. [5] rcp 12/12

Wasrere: 1342. London. Johannes le Wasrere ...Thomam le Wasrere. OED does not have. [6] rcp 11/12

Watersmyth: 1345. Dorset. Johannem le Watersmyth. OED does not have. [7] rcp 03/12

Waxmonger: 1344. Hertfordshire. Willelmum le Waxmongere. OED does not have. [8] rcp 03/12

Webbestere: 1314. Yorkshire. Johanna la Webbestere. [9] SJ

Webbing stolys: 1469. Northamptonshire [10] SJ

Welifare: 1343. Norfolk. in quadam navi vocata La Welifare. OED has only earlier in 1303. [11] rcp 11/12

Whelere: 1342. Cambridgeshire. Johanni le Whelere ... Walteri le Whelere fratris sui. OED has earliest 1497. [12] rcp 11/12 Whitesmyth: 1311. Warwickshire. Henry le Whytesmyth of Warrwick [13] SJ

Whelewright: 1319. Laurencius le Whelewright. OED: earliest 1281. [14]; Petrum le Whelewrigth [15]

Wyndere: 1343. Cambridgeshire. Rogerum le Wyndere. OED only has much later in various senses. [16] rcp 11/12

Wynporter: 1362. Yorkshire. William Kyng de Ravenser wynportour. OED has earliest 1580. [17] rcp 04/13

Wyrdrawer: 1343. Warwickshire. Johannem de Merynton wyrdrawere. [18], 1344. Warwickshire. Willelmus le Smyth wyrdrawer. OED has only earlier 1265. [19] rcp 03/12

Wollechapman: 1347. Norfolk. Willelmum de Northille wollechapman. OED has earliest (only) 1600. [20] rcp

Wolpackere: 1363. Middlesex. Johannem de Wygorn' wolpackere. OED has earliest 1376. [21] rcp

Wra: 1342. Yorkshire. Ricardum in the Wra. OED has in 1400 (1325). [22] rcp