From Waalt

GUIDELINES This site allows non-lexicographers to aid the specialists in elaborating the history of English words and names.

Non-lexicographers provide the raw data and why the example may be relevant: words with links to the AALT with the apparent relevant entry in the OED [www.oed.com], along with as much more information as they are willing to give. The necessary elements are WORD, DATE, QUOTATION, OED entry referenced and relation to that entry, DOCUMENT link, county margination, and series. You may include also the Middle English form or Anglo-Norman form if you want. This entry is just raw data and NOT a statement that the word is properly identified.

TEMPLATE (In edit mode, copy and paste the template; delete elements not included, write over necessary elements):

Bugle (OED bugle, MED bugle, AND bugle): 1318. KB27. Surrey. tria cornua, que vocantur bugles. Early use by OED, could be French. [1]

Lexicographers and similar specialists may assess the raw data using the format of bullet points beneath the raw data entry. The raw data may be added to or edited, but not completely removed. Raw data that was misidentified should remain to assist others who want to enter data. The lexicographical assessment bullets should confirm the identification or supply a different identification and indicate whether the word is too common (“No more needed”), only earlier examples are desirable (“Only earlier needed”) or any further examples are desirable (“More needed”). If the material is carried over to a dictionary, that should likewise be indicated. Disagreement with the assessment can be indicated in a second bullet etc.


  • Proper identification. More needed.

You are encouraged to provide more information from the Middle English Dictionary [2], the Anglo-Norman Dictionary [www.anglo-norman.net], P.H. Reaney and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames ed. 3 (1991), G. Fransson, Middle English Surnames of Occupation 1100-1350 (1935), or B. Thuresson, Middle English Occupational Terms (1950).

A Acatour: 1332. John le Acatour de Pershore[3] SB

Alard: 1227. Gervase Alard killed Edwyn Kide and fled. Suit instigated by Kide's wife Edith. Alard in burgh of Codham. No Englishry, murder. [4]

Alyre: 1463. Buckinghamshire. unam aliam togam de blak alyre medley. [5] rcp 021/12

Apprentys: 1345. Kent. Willelmum de Mukkynge LittleJones apprentis de Mukkyng. [6]. 1351. Johannem yatwas Jones apprentys of Oxenford. OED earliest usage is 1362. [7] rcp 02.12.

Arewesmyth: 1311. Warwickshire. Richard le Arewesmyth of Stodley [8] SB

Armurer: 1342. Northamptonshire. Johannes del Castel armorer. [9]. 1344. Walterum le Armurer. OED has earliest in 1405. [10] rcp

Asheburnethwitel: 1347. Lincolnshire. et de quodam armo vocato asheburnethwitel precii unius denarii felonice percussit. OED does not have. [11] rcp 03/12

Aubels: 1345. Suffolk. sex arbores que vocantur aubels. OED has (abele) earlier only in 1300. [12] rcp

Aumails: 1361. London. bonis et catallis ... viz. butons, aumails ... et alia jocalia. OED has earliest 1824. [13] rcp 03/13.

Aumblere: 1355. Middlesex. Radulphum de Morpath dictum Dawe the Aumblere. OED only has much later. [14] rcp

Aumery: 1343. Yorkshire. Edmundo of the Aumery. OED has only earlier 1225. [15] rcp 11/12

Avener: 1314. Lincoln. Ralph le Avener [16] SJ; 1361. London. John de London de Kent avener. OED has earliest 1400. [17] rcp 03/13

Ayrne Gaveloke: 1530. Yorkshire. cum uno instumento vocato ayrne gaveloke prostravit lapides eiusdem stagni. OED has gaveloke from early, but does not have ayrne. [18]